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[ANNOUNCEMENT] Updated [experimental]: bash-3.2-2
- From: Eric Blake <ebb9 at byu dot net>
- To: cygwin at cygwin dot com
- Date: Tue, 17 Oct 2006 22:49:19 -0600
- Subject: [ANNOUNCEMENT] Updated [experimental]: bash-3.2-2
- Reply-to: cygwin at cygwin dot com
- Reply-to: The Cygwin Mailing List <cygwin at cygwin dot com>
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A new release of bash, 3.2-2, is now available for experimental use.
Version 3.1-9 remains as the current version.
This is a new upstream release. There are likely to be a few upstream
official patches in the next couple of weeks, so I am leaving it
experimental for a while; this particular packaging already includes
official patch 1.
There are a few things you should be aware of before using this version:
1. When using binary mounts, cygwin programs try to emulate Linux. Bash
on Linux does not understand \r\n line endings, but interprets the \r
literally, which leads to syntax errors or odd variable assignments.
Therefore, you will get the same behavior on Cygwin binary mounts by default.
2. d2u is your friend. You can use it to convert any problematic script
into binary line endings.
3. Cygwin text mounts automatically work with either line ending style,
because the \r is stripped before bash reads the file. If you absolutely
must use files with \r\n line endings, consider mounting the directory
where those files live as a text mount. However, text mounts are not as
well tested or supported on the cygwin mailing list, so you may encounter
other problems with other cygwin tools in those directories.
4. This version of bash has a cygwin-specific shell option, named "igncr"
to force bash to ignore \r, independently of cygwin's mount style. I hope
to convince the upstream bash maintainer to accept this patch into the
future bash 4.0 even on Linux, rather than keeping it a cygwin-specific
patch, but only time will tell. There are several ways to activate this
4a. For a single affected script, add this line just after the she-bang:
(shopt -s igncr) 2>/dev/null && shopt -s igncr; # comment is needed
4b. For a single script, invoke bash explicitly with the shopt, as in
'bash -O igncr ./myscript' rather than the simpler './myscript'.
4c. To affect all scripts, export the environment variable BASH_ENV,
pointing to a file that sets the shopt as desired. Bash will source this
file on startup for every script.
4d. New to this release: export the environment variable SHELLOPTS with
igncr included in it. It is read-only from within bash, but you can set
it before invoking bash; once in bash, it auto-tracks the current state of
'set -o igncr' or 'shopt -s igncr'. If exported, then all bash child
processes inherit the same option settings.
5. There are varying levels of speed at which bash operates. The fastest
is on a binary mount with igncr disabled (the default behavior). Next
would be text mounts with igncr disabled and no \r in the underlying file.
Next would be binary mounts with igncr enabled. And the slowest that
bash will operate is on text mounts with igncr enabled.
6. If you forget to read this release announcement, the best you can
expect when you complain to the list is a link back to this email.
Remember, you must not have any bash or /bin/sh instances running when you
upgrade the bash package. This release will work with cygwin-1.5.21-1 or
later; and it requires libreadline6-5.2-2.
To see the changes in this version from 3.1, refer to
Bash is an sh-compatible shell that incorporates useful features from the
Korn shell (ksh) and C shell (csh). It is intended to conform to the IEEE
POSIX P1003.2/ISO 9945.2 Shell and Tools standard. It offers functional
improvements over sh for both programming and interactive use. In
addition, most sh scripts can be run by Bash without modification.
As of the bash 3.0 series, cygwin /bin/sh defaults to bash, not ash,
similar to Linux distributions.
To update your installation, click on the "Install Cygwin now" link on the
http://cygwin.com/ web page. This downloads setup.exe to your system.
Save it and run setup, answer the questions and pick up 'bash' in the
'Base' category (it should already be selected). Since this is an
experimental release, you must use the 'Exp' radio button.
Note that downloads from sources.redhat.com (aka cygwin.com) aren't
allowed due to bandwidth limitations. This means that you will need to
find a mirror which has this update, please choose the one nearest to you:
If you want to make a point or ask a question the Cygwin mailing list is
the appropriate place.
volunteer cygwin bash maintainer
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