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Re: users and startup scripts (FAQ alert)
- From: Igor Pechtchanski <pechtcha at cs dot nyu dot edu>
- To: Bill McCormick <wpmccormick at covad dot net>
- Cc: cygwin at cygwin dot com
- Date: Mon, 7 Jul 2003 15:25:07 -0400 (EDT)
- Subject: Re: users and startup scripts (FAQ alert)
- Reply-to: cygwin at cygwin dot com
On Mon, 7 Jul 2003, Bill McCormick wrote:
> My /etc/.bash_profile doesn't seem to get executed. According to
> http://www.gnu.org/manual/bash-2.05a/html_chapter/bashref_6.html#SEC63 it
> wouldn't, which is contrary to other posts I've seen and Cygwin docs. So
> consequently, my bash.bashrc and ~/.bashrc do not get executed.
> /etc/profile does execute but where exactly is it called from? Is it called
> from the executable?
According to the "Bash Startup Files" section of the bash info page, bash
looks for either [/etc/profile, ~/.bash_profile|~/.bash_login|~/.profile]
when it's a login shell, and a [~/.bashrc] if it's a non-login shell.
Also from there:
So, typically, your `~/.bash_profile' contains the line
`if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then . ~/.bashrc; fi'
after (or before) any login-specific initializations.
Hope this helps.
> On a different topic ...
> I ran mkpasswd -l > /etc/passwd and mkgroup -l /etc/group and still cannot
> 'su' or 'login' as a different user from bash. Is there something else that
> needs to be done after that? What is the preferred way to change users (su
> or login) or should both work?
> I'm just getting started with cygwin so sorry if I missed the blindingly
See <http://cygwin.com/cygwin-ug-net/ntsec.html#NTSEC-SETUID> and
<http://cygwin.com/faq/faq.html#SEC43>. In short, "su" is not supported
under Cygwin, and "login" won't work by default for any user other than
SYSTEM (aka LocalSystem).
The preferred method for switching users is by running "ssh
user@localhost" (after setting up sshd, obviously). I'm guessing the
above FAQ entry should be updated as well.
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